97. OCEAN ENGINEERING AND NAVAL ARCHITECTURE
(Code : G5251)
Ocean Engineering in its broadest sense is concerned with all engineering systems in the ocean. This includes systems for exploration and exploitation of the vast oceanic resources such as offshore oil and gas, seabed minerals, biological resources like marine and sea food, etc. Ocean Engineering also involves systems that utilize the ocean for transportation and recreational purpose like ships and marine vehicles of different variety, submarine and underwater vehicles, pleasure crafts, floating resorts, etc. Yet another important component of ocean engineering is related to seacoasts and its protection, and marine hazards and its mitigation through engineering solutions. In short, any system that uses the ocean, operates in the ocean or related to the ocean in some sense falls under the purview of an Ocean Engineer. Naval Architecture, an important branch of Ocean Engineering, deals primarily with ocean transportation systems such as ships. Due to its historic importance, Naval Architecture stands out as a separate entity, and a Naval Architect is primarily engaged in the process of ship design in the widest sense of the word ‘design’. Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture encompasses subjects such as marine hydrodynamics, water wave mechanics, design of marine structures, structural mechanics related to marine structures, marine construction and welding, coastal engineering, etc.
In the five years of this dual degree M.Tech. course, the students can specialize in any of the broad area of Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture such as marine and ocean hydrodynamics, marine structures, design and construction of marine vehicles etc. through project and specialized courses. The prolonged period of project work provides an opportunity to the student to gain expertise in one of these broad areas. Employment opportunities of Ocean Engineers and Naval Architects exist in various offshore industry, shipbuilding and ship repairing yards, marine classification societies and other government regulatory bodies dealing with marine systems, Navy and Coast Guard, coastal engineering companies, Naval Defense R&D, environmental protection agencies for coastal protection, etc. Being multidisciplinary in nature, students from this program generally receive a broad engineering background, and this helps finding employment in other allied engineering fields as well including management and IT industry.